What does all this have to do with bandwidth?
This development would not be possible without a widely available, ultrafast Internet. Broadband Internet access is considered the cornerstone of digital change. In reality, however, it is still the case that entire regions have to make do without broadband Internet access or any Internet access at all. Often fibre optic networks are extended, but fall short of a connection to a house or apartment building for cost reasons.
It should also be mentioned that different nations are unable to agree on the data transfer speed that earns the designation “broadband”. Like the International Telecommunication Union and the World Bank, Germany has committed to a data transfer rate of 2038 kBit/s; Austria’s regulatory authority specifies a download speed of more than 144 kBit/s; and the USA state a minimum downstream rate of 4 Mbit/s and a minimum upstream rate of 1 Mbit/s. The copper telephone lines were the only source of data transfer far into the first decade of this century, although they are only suitable for bridging short distances and not for transferring large quantities of data.
The solution: fibreglass cables, also known as fibre optic cables, are meanwhile laid directly into the consumer’s point of use and guarantee lossless transmission and high broadband reserves. Fibre optic cables are laid into the building or even into the consumer’s home. One should not forget the Last Mile that can still create problems, namely when the “last few yards” to the house connection are made of copper cable.